Middle East Art
The art of Mesopotamia is known from archaeological remains dating back to the first companies of hunters and gatherers (10th Millennium BC) until the civilization of the Bronze age with the successive empires of Sumer, Akkad, Babylon and Assyria. These empires have given way to the Age of the iron empires Assyrian and neo-babylonien. Generally regarded as being the cradle of civilization, Mesopotamia brought significant cultural developments, including the oldest examples of writing. The art of Mesopotamia competes at its height with that of ancient Egypt, an elaborate and sophisticated art in the ancient Near East between the 4th millennium B.C. and the conquest of the region by the Achaemenid Persians in the 6th century BC. The main expression of this art is the sculpture, in various stone or terracotta forms. The few surviving examples of painting suggests that this technique is illustrated primarily in geometric patterns and plants, although most of the sculptures were also painted.